The French term Entente Cordiale (most often translated into cordial understanding) came from a letter to his brother from the British Foreign Minister, Lord Aberdeen, in 1843, in which he spoke of a “cordial and good understanding” between the two nations. This was translated into French as Entente Cordiale and used by Louis Philippe I this year in the French Chamber.  Today, when used, it almost always refers to the second Cordial Agreement, that is, the written and partially secret agreement signed on 8 April 1904 in London between the two powers. At the beginning of the 20th century, Britain emerged from the “splendid isolation” it had adopted at the end of the 19th century. In 1902, it concluded an agreement with Japan and in 1904 founded the Cordial Agreement with France. From a British perspective, the Anglo-Japanese alliance was created in part to prevent Russian expansion or, worse, a separate Russian-Japanese agreement that would undermine the British position in the Far East. This alliance with Japan was renewed in 1905 in the midst of the war with Russia; It has focused on broader stability in the Far East. The agreement was a change for both countries. France had been isolated from other European powers, notably following the efforts of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to distance France from its potential allies, because it was thought that France could avenge its defeat in the Franco-German war of 1870/71.
For nearly a century, Britain had pursued a policy of “splendid isolation” on the European continent and had only engaged in continental affairs when it was deemed necessary to protect British interests and maintain the continental balance of power. The situation changed for both countries in the last decade of the 19th century.  Tags: Afghanistan, Anglo-Russian Agreement, Persia, Railways, Russian-Japanese War, Tibet In the usual manner of colonial agreements, negotiations were conducted without consultation with the countries concerned and were effectively transformed into protectorates. Although the Agreement was often seen as a subject, it consisted of three separate agreements on Persia, Afghanistan and Tibet, which were grouped into one agreement for ratification. The German government, seeking this agreement, decided to test its borders by sending Emperor William II to Morocco in March 1905 to explain his support for the sultan, an obvious challenge for France`s influence in this country sanctioned by the Cordial Agreement. This attempt to undermine the Anglo-French alliance failed, with Britain sided with France; An international conference convened the following year in Algeciras, Spain, also recognized France`s claims in the region. One of the motivating factors of the agreement was undoubtedly France`s desire to protect itself from a possible aggression by its former rival, Germany, which had gradually strengthened in the years since its victory in the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and which now had the most powerful ground army in the world.